Air pressure variations allow for increased performance possibilities through manipulation of intervals and difference tones on double flutes with fingerholes, and on double whistles, are the only performance variable. The manipulation of air pressure to adjust timbre, intervals and difference tones on some prehispanic flutes was surely more important than tonal range or potential melodies. Many high pitched double flutes are found in the organology of prehispanic flutes across many cultures.
Both beats and heterodyne tones arise through an interaction between two source tones. Beats are a result of two tones of slightly different frequencies and similar amplitude levels being played together. The sonograms of these double flutes show lines that seem to represent combination tones; these tones probably have a physical presence in the air, not just in our ears. These tones can be produced either within the head, through a non linear response of the basilar membrane of the ear or auditory cortex, or externally through an interaction between two proximal sound sources such as presumably, the adjacent mouthpieces of these double flutes.
Perhaps, when listening to difference tones, we are hearing what was once, in the prehispanic world, the voice of a deity. See the Acoustical Society of America web site. Abstract : Hooded flutes or pipes were found primarily among the prehispanic cultures of West Mexico, and consist of an awning shape around three sides of the pipe's air ducted aperture, and angling over its top. During construction, a hooded pipe's sound can be manipulated through variations of the size and shape of the aperture, the design of the over-arching hood and to some extent, the flute's body shape.
Minute differences in construction can make a large difference in the timbre. A hood can limit the ability to play the partials of the tube, but it contributes a characteristically marvelous rough, reedy timbre that can be manipulated through air pressure variations. Sonograms, recordings, photos and measurements of a few prehispanic hooded pipes located in Fowler Museum, UCLA, are compared to each other and to those of a Rawcliffe hooded pipe.
For contrast, the sounds and sonograms of an ancient pipe without a hood will be included. Hopefully, the results of this analysis will illustrate some sound preferences found within the prehispanic instrumentarium as well as explore possibilities for recreating ancient sounds in contemporary flutes. Time permitting, the presentation will conclude with a brief performance on the Rawcliffe pipe.
Scott Raymond and Richard L. Burger editors. Editorial Review on Amazon. This is one of the very first 45 rpm format albums issued Redden editor. Proceedings of the First Yuman Languages Workshop. One citation: Tribal Identification.
Edited by Joan Marter
American Epic: Out of the Many, the One , , run time 84 minutes. Redmond and James R. Jones III editors. Publication recordoffamilyde00reed on Archive. Archaeology Rees, Jr. Piper librarian advisor. See the Canadian Encyclopedia web site.
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One citation: Ethnographic and Reference Flute Recordings. Abstract : During the nineteenth century travelers to British colonies recorded their impressions in journals and often produced pictorial representations of colonized peoples and landscapes. Their personal representations have been added to the numerous official documents that defined colonial relationships between white colonizers and First Nations peoples.
More recently women's visual and textual representations of the colonies have been brought into scholarly discussions. Many amateur women artists assembled travel albums or scrapbooks including drawings, watercolours and paintings of their travels.
This thesis provides an analysis of one such album that was constructed by Lady Amelia Falkland — Among the Nova Scotia images painted by Lady Falkland herself and two local amateur women artists are a significant number of representations of Mi'kmaq individuals. This thesis investigates these representations in order to assess how women negotiated the often contradictory discursive frameworks of colonialism and femininity, both of which entered into their representations.
Translation : The Museum of the State University of Colorado at Boulder contains important collections of prehistoric Indian archeology. Among the treasures of this small museum are the many interesting objects brought by Mr. Earl Morris of his expedition of in the region of Canon del Muerto, to the northeast of Arizona. While I was teaching anthropology at the University of Colorado during the summer of , I had the advantage, thanks to the kind permission of the curator, Prof. Henderson, to study a part of this collection and to measure and draw a number of objects.
I described and discussed elsewhere the "atlatls" or pro kickers and prehistoric arrows from the same source. In this note I want to mention four pre-Columbian Indian flutes and discuss some points related to their use. Renaud; Clint Goss translation. Introduction : The Museum of the University of Colorado, Boulder, contains important collections of prehistoric Indian archeology.
Among the treasures of this small museum are objects and many very interesting reported by Mr. Earl Morris in his expedition in the region of the Canon del Muerto in northeast Arizona. While I was teaching anthropology at the University of Colorado in the summer of , I had the advantage, with the kind permission of the curator, Prof. I have described and discussed elsewhere the "atlatls" or pro kickers and even from prehistoric arrows. In this note I wish to speak of four pre-Columbian Indian flutes and discuss some points related to their use.
Is it the admitting clerk at the Indian hospital figuring out whether the patient is eligible for services? Is it a tribal employee checking to see if an applicant is eligible for enrollment?
The answers are as varied as the questions and arise as much from political needs as from a maze of legal, sociological and historical sources. Meuss editor. Publisher's description : Why is it that certain intervals, scales and tones sound genuine and others false? Is the modern person able to experience a qualitative difference in a tone's pitch?
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If so, what are the implications for modern concert pitch and how instruments of fixed tuning are tuned? Maria Renold tackles these and many other questions, providing a wealth of scientific data. Her pioneering work is the result of a lifetime's research into Western music's Classical Greek origins, as well as a search for new developments in modern times.
She strives to deepen musical understanding through Rudolf Steiner's spiritual-scientific research, and she also elucidates many of Steiner's often puzzling statements about music. The results of her work include the following discoveries: that the octave has two sizes a 'genuine' sounding octave is bigger than the 'perfect' octave ; that there are three sizes of 'perfect' fifths; that an underlying 'form principle' for all scales can be found; and, most importantly, the discovery of a method of tuning the piano which is more satisfactory than equal temperament. See the Proper Music web site.
Frank Ag. Verlag, Bern, Switzerland, The impulse to produce such re-creations of medieval musical practices has come almost entirely from Western musicians and scholars influenced by the aesthetics of the European Early Music movement, rather than from Arab musicians.
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The historical resources available as the basis of such performances, however, are very different from those used in the re-creation of European Early Music. Publisher's description : The Music of the American Indians of the Southwest is one of the most versatile art forms in America. Publication musicoftheamericmbp on Archive. Introduction : The widespread diffusion of the peyote cult among Indian tribes of the Great Plains between the mid-nineteenth century and the present provides a wealth of musical material that awaits further analysis and interpretation.
McAllester has made a significant contribution in the field of ethnomusicology with his scholarly study, Peyote Music. Although he has given a clear description of the over-all style of peyote songs with detailed references to the differences as found among the Comanche, Washo, Dakota, Fox, Cheyenne, Pawnee, Kiowa, Shoshone, Ute, Tonkawa, Kickapoo, Arapaho, Huichol and Tarahumare, he calls attention to the complexity of the picture and the need for further investigation.
It is the object of this paper to examine several versions of the opening song of the peyote ceremony and to draw whatever conclusions seem justified by the evidence. The validity of such conclusions is necessarily affected by the limited amount of material on which they are based. They are offered, however, with the hope that they will call attention to a significant area of culture that has been imperfectly reported and too little studied, and that other students may be stimulated to investigate further this field.
LCCN call number Reff, Maureen Ahern, and Richard K. Danford translation. Abstract : This paper compares and contrasts two bamboo flutes found at the opposite ends of the continent of Asia. There are a number of similarities between the ney, or West Asian reed flute and the shakuhachi or Japanese bamboo flute, and certain parallels in their historical development. One flute developed at the edge of West Asia, and can be traced back to an origin in ancient Egypt, and the other arrived in Japan from China in the 8th century and subsequently underwent various changes over the next millenium.
Despite the differences in the flutes today, there may be some common origin for both flutes centuries ago. Rich, Jasbir S. Saini, Robert E. Kleiger, Robert M. Carney, Adrienne teVelde, and Kenneth E. Abstract : Decreased heart rate HR variability is associated with increased mortality after myocardial infarction, but the prognostic value of HR variability in patients without recent myocardial infarction and its correlation with other clinical and angiographic data have not previously been reported. In the present study, detailed clinical assessments and hour ambulatory electrocardiograms were performed prospectively on patients undergoing elective coronary angiography.
All patients were followed for 1 year. Major clinical events after initial discharge occurred in 10 patients and included 6 deaths and 4 coronary bypass operations. Thus, decreased HR variability is a potent independent predictor of mortality in the 12 months following elective coronary angiography in patients without recent myocardial infarction. Introduction : This study of instrumental and vocal love songs has evolved from and will attempt to continue the research begun in two articles, "Special Song Types in North American Indian Music" by George Herzog and "Musical Areas in Aboriginal North America" by Helen Roberts, both written more than forty years ago.
Black and White. Abstract : At a hill-top site in the Korrannaberg, where there is a water source and a sandy arena embraced by a rocky ridge, the author persuasively evokes a lively prehistoric ritual centre, with rock gongs, reverberating echoes, dancing and trance. Riggs — Sabbath-School and Publishing Society, Boston, , pages, hardcover.
Contains 2 songs. Two citations: Names of the Native American Flute 2. Two citations: Flutes of Gilgamesh and Ancient Mesopotamia 2.
Encountering the Spiritual in Contemporary Art
Rink — and F. Boas — Contains 3 songs.
I explain that Argentine artists from Buenos Aires introduced highland Andean instruments and genres into Paris's artistic milieu, where Andean music became associated with leftism well before the arrival of exiled Nueva Canci?
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